The Physical and Psychological Effects of Rape on Victims

When you think about the most heinous crimes, one of the first things that come to your mind is rape. It is also a very controversial offense, because it is sexual in nature and often involves force. But do you know that rape is not just the only sexual offense? The website www.criminalattorneysnashville.com/practice-areas/sex-offenses/ has enumerated the other kinds of sexual offenses, and they are all equally devastating.
But no matter the sexual offense you have experienced, it will have physical and psychological effects on you, including the following.

Physical

It is important to note that not all rape cases involve force. Sometimes, victims just give in to the sexual demands of their suspects because of intimidation or manipulation. But when force is involved, the victim may suffer the following physical effects:

  • Bruising, particularly in body parts that are often restrained, like the wrists and ankles
  • Fractures, such as in the head, arms, legs, and hips
  • There are other physical effects, and the rape instance doesn’t necessarily have to involve force for them to arise:
  • Bleeding or soreness, especially in the vaginal or anal areas
  • Difficult and painful walking, sitting, and standing
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Unwanted pregnancies
  • Urinary tract infections

Psychological

One of the most common psychological responses to rape is post-traumatic stress disorder. This occurs when a rape victim is re-experiencing the traumatic event in the form of anxiety attacks whenever they encounter something relating to the traumatic event, flashbacks, and nightmares.
Another common response is depression, which may arise from the following symptoms:

  • Disinterest in social activities
  • Intense embarrassment
  • Isolation
  • Lack of self-worth
  • Suicidal tendency
  • Over or undereating, sleeping, and working

It is even worse if the victim is underage. He or she is still in development years, and the traumatic experience of rape may influence development. Below are some of the effects:

  • Distrust of others
  • Going back to outgrown habits, like bedwetting
  • Increased irritability
  • Poor academic performance
  • Poor social skills

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